Chief Scientist, Thunder Energies Corporation (TEC)
1444 Rainville Rd., Tarpon Springs, FL 34689
Email: research(at)thunder-energies(dot)com iPhone 727 688 3992
Studies on antimatter galaxies in general, and the light emitted by antimatter stars, in particular, were stimulated by conceptual, theoretical and experimental evidence on the lack of expansion of the universe, the consequential lack of its acceleration, of the expansion with the distance the lack of the expansion of space itself, the lack of the big bang, the lack of dark matter and dark energies and related far reaching conjectures, which studies cannot possibly be reviewed in this website (see the collected references, with particular reference to: the introductory French interview; the novel isomathematics for the representation of electromagnetic waves propagating within physical media; the prediction of the non-Dopplerian isoredshift merely given by light releasing energy to cold physical media in the monographs Volume I, Volume II and the independent confirmation; and the systematic experimental confirmations on Earth of the anomalous isoredshift in the experimental collaboration and related large experimental literature, with consequential experimental verification on Earth of the 19929 Zwicky hypothesis of Tired Light; the disproof of dark matter and dark energies; and related literature hereon assumed to be known).
The lack of expansion of the universe implies a return to the steady state cosmology with a stationary universe advocated by Hubble, Einstein, Hoyle, Zwicky, Fermi, and other famous scientists. Such a return then implies that a universe solely composed by matter galaxies should have collapsed collapse due to gravitational attraction. A number of models have been attempted over one century, beginning with Einstein, to modify general relativity in such a way to represent a stationary universe with predictable inconclusive results since a theory constructed for gravitational attraction cannot be consistently turned into the gravitational repulsion needed for cosmological stability. In view of all the above, the “sole” plausible explanation of the stability of a non-expanding universe is that it contains matter and antimatter galaxies which condition explains indeed the stability of the universe, as well as the large intergalactic distances thanks to matter-antimatter gravitational repulsion (see the paper on the stability of the universe when composed by matter and antimatter galaxies)
The best available experiential evidence on antimatter is that matter and antimatter annihilate at contact by entirely transforming their masses into light (Figures 1, 2). A serious scientific representation of this event requires that all characteristics of antimatter must be opposite those of matter with no known exception. This basic evidence implies that the energy of all manifestations of antimatter must be negative as originally conceived by P. A. M. Dirac in 1928. This implies that antimatter is repelled by the gravitational field of matter (Figure 3). Additionally, matter-antimatter annihilation requires that the index of refraction of antimatter light in a transparent matter medium is opposite that of matter light (Figure 4) (for technical aspects one should study the 2006 monograph Isodual Theory of Antimatter, including the use of the new isodual mathematics for antimatter to avoid the violation of causality by negative energies when treated with the mathematics developed for positive energies).
Recall that we can focus objects with our convex iris because requested by the conventional refraction of light (Figure 4) and that is the reason, all optical telescopes on Earth and in orbit are of Galileo-type, namely, they have convex lenses. Since the refraction of antimatter light is opposite that of matter light (Figure 4), we will never be able to focus images caused by antimatter light since such images can only be focused by telescopes with concave lenses, nowadays known as Santilli telescopes (see the scientific paper and press releases in the list http://www.santilli-foundation.org/docs/Santilli-Telescope-Refs-1-15.pdf). Since the telescopes with concave lenses cannot be focused by our eyes, they are paired with conventional Galileo telescopes having the same lens diameter and focal distance as those of the Santilli telescopes. Settings for the focusing of Galileo telescopes are then applied to Santilli telescopes thus ensuring that they are focused.